SouthScan

Reports every two weeks.

v19/02 23 Jan 04

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CONTENTS


Congo:

Mbeki's milestone deal with Kabila boosts integration

Region:

Agreement on peacekeeping force

Region:

Massive pledges for Burundi but peace still uncertain

Zimbabwe:

Central bank asserts itself to curb inflation

Zimbabwe:

Mugabe aide to be freed from jail

International:

Splits in European ranks over Zimbabwe sanctions

Region:

Museveni out of favour in bid for mass party model

Angola:

Rights group takes up IMF report on missing millions

Angola:

Army sweeps through Bié diamond diggings

Namibia:

Nujoma fails to attend Herero commemoration

Namibia:

Troops head for Liberia

SA politics:

Zuma seems clear loser as dust settles on affair

SA politics:

Haiti visit fallout continues





Congo:

Mbeki's milestone deal with Kabila boosts regional integration

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] South Africa is soon to begin reaping the fruits of its diplomatic labours after President Thabo Mbeki clinched deals worth a massive US$10 billion during an historic visit to Kinshasa last week.

Central to the accord is the advance of prominent SA mining companies into prime copper and gold concessions, a deal to rehabilitate the main state mining company Gecamines, and a power deal involving the giant Inga dam on the Congo River. The agreements will tie the Congo firmly into the wider Southern African Development Community and in particular into South Africa's industrial economy. New, black-owned SA companies will be the first beneficiaries....

Strategic concerns...

Inga power...

Military assistance...

Great Lakes conference...


Region:

Historic agreement on African peacekeeping force

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] Agreement was reached at a first-ever summit of African defence ministers in Addis Ababa on Wednesday (January 21) for an African peacekeeping force. Final approval for the force will be given at an African Union summit in Libya next month....


Region:

Massive pledges for Burundi but peace still uncertain

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] Over a billion dollars has been pledged by foreign donors for the rebuilding of war-torn Burundi. The donors were meeting at the Forum of Development Partners on Burundi, convened on the January 13 and 14 in Brussels under the auspices of Belgium and of the UN Development Programme. Its aim was to increase commitments made at the previous donors' meetings in Paris (2000) and Geneva (2001 and 2002) and postponed because of the on-going civil war.

But shortly after the conference a meeting in the Netherlands between Burundi's president and the leader of the main rebel force ended in failure....

No acrimony...


Zimbabwe:

Central bank asserts itself to curb inflation

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] Financial measures announced by the government late last year have started to kick in, apparently halting spiraling inflation and allowing the Zimdollar to float at a market rate. They are also causing a shakeout among local banks involved in currency and other speculation, with knock-on effects in neighbouring countries.

But while the Reserve Bank's new chief, Gideon Gono, has taken a strong hold on the commercial banking sector nothing has been done to change the economic fundamentals that occasioned Zimbabwe's crisis, and the political stasis remains....

Getting out of a hole...

New economic plan...

Collapse in value of assets...

A new auction system...

Price controls...


Zimbabwe:

Mugabe aide to be freed from jail

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 02] A senior aide of President Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe's senior ruling party official Phillip Chiyangwa was held in jail for 10 days over a major financial fraud case before being freed on Tuesday after the Zimbabwe Supreme Court ordered his release. He said he was a victim of political rivalry in Zanu-PF over Mugabe's succession but would not comment further. The supreme court's release order had been the third order; the police had ignored earlier ones....


International:

Splits in European ranks over Zimbabwe sanctions

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 02] Major difference will be revealed in the ranks of the European Parliament when Zimbabwe 'smart sanctions' come up for renewal on February 18.

A European Parliament resolution last week strongly criticised the failure of "some southern African governments to exert any pressure on the Zanu-PF regime" In Zimbabwe and regretted the EU's failure to make any "effective impact on the policies of Zimbabwe's neighbours"....

EU aid...


Region:

Museveni out of favour in bid for mass party model

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] The strategy of Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni to model his new party system on South Africa and Mozambique is running into unexpected trouble. Constitutional and political reforms are scheduled ahead of the 2006 general elections and Museveni favours a mass party system modeled on the African National Congress and Frelimo.

Recently he was reported to have veered more toward the Mozambican model of a party that fought a liberation war and had then become unchallengeable at the polls (SouthScan v18/18). South Africa's experience, mixing an armed struggle with mass political pressure at home to get rid of apartheid, does not have the same parallels, but the outcome - an effectively unchallengeable mass party - is his goal....


Angola:

Rights group takes up IMF report on missing millions

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] The Angolan government last week rejected accusations of large-scale theft of oil revenues made by the US-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) on the basis of a still largely unpublished International Monetary Fund audit last year. A government statement released in Luanda described as "groundless" the allegations.

The HRW report claimed that more than US$4 billion in state oil revenue disappeared from Angolan government coffers from 1997 to 2002, "roughly equal to the entire sum the government spent on all social programmes in the same period" (SouthScan v18/17; v17/15)....


Angola:

Army sweeps through Bié diamond diggings

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] The Angolan army was reported last week to have arrested 700 people at diamond diggings in the central province of Bié in December, The included 334 foreigners, mostly from the DRC....


Namibia:

Nujoma fails to attend Herero commemoration

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] Government officials were conspicuously absent when about 600 people, mainly Herero, attended the commemoration of the Herero uprising in 1904 last week.

The German ambassador and the Herero Paramount Chief, Kuaima Riruako, laid a wreath at the graves of the Maharero chiefs before the function started. Both Riruako and the leader of the opposition, Katuutire Kaura (a Herero), criticised the absence of President Sam Nujoma....


Namibia:

Troops head for Liberia

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] An advance unit of between 100 to 115 Namibian soldiers due to be deployed to Liberia over last weekend, according to a senior military official....


SA politics:

Zuma seems clear loser as dust settles on affair

SouthScan v19/02 23 Jan 04] As the dust settled on the 'Zuma affair' political observers have been estimating whom the winners and the losers were. The report of the inquiry into allegations that the chief prosecutor Bulelani Ngcuka was an apartheid era spy was published on Tuesday.

Clear losers were former Transport Minister Mac Maharaj and ex-African National Congress intelligence operative Mo Shaik, former ambassador to Algeria and now an adviser to Foreign Affairs Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. ...


SA politics:

Haiti visit fallout continues

[© The opposition in SA has called for a detailed account of how much was spent on President Thabo Mbeki's Haiti commemoration trip last month. The issue will again be raised in a response to the president's state of the nation speech next month.

The trip, to celebrations of the 200th anniversary of the establishment of the 'first black republic', was marred ...