Policy issues from South Africa and its neighbours. Reports every two weeks.

v19/10 14 May 04

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CONTENTS

Angola
Falcone issue rumbles on
Military blames Church for Cabindan 'banditry'

Botswana
Tension boils over in small battle with Zimbabwe's illegals

Congo
Dos Santos 'orders halt to expulsions' of diggers
Governor jobs hand-out exacerbates tension

International
Deeper Haitian engagement as Aristide gets asylum

Mozambique
Police arrested after Cardoso's murderer escapes

Region
EU enlargement and trade are top ACP concerns
No fresh EU support for Botswana's AIDS efforts

SA politics
Delivery starts now, not then, says government
New Nepad appointment

Zambia
IMF gives thumbs up just as oil prices rises hit

Zimbabwe
Food 'to be used as political weapon'

ABBREVIATED REPORTS

Botswana:

Tension boils over in small battle with Zimbabwe's illegals

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] Tensions boiled over on Tuesday last week as Botswana's anti-riot police Special Support Group assisted by soldiers from the Botswana Defence Force intervened in fighting at the Gaborone bus rank between Zimbabweans and Batswana.

The incident, isolated and with few casualties, nevertheless indicates the worsening tensions between local and illegal immigrants fleeing Zimbabwe's collapsed economy. ...

Angry crowd...

Media campaign... >>> Full report


Zimbabwe:

Food 'to be used as political weapon'

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] The agriculture spokesman for Zimbabwe's opposition Movement for Democratic Change, Renson Gasela, has appealed to foreign donors to continue bringing in food - even without a government request. The government has said the country can cover its own food needs and has refused any further outside food aid.

The opposition says Zanu-PF, the ruling party, been giving food aid only to its supporters, and with parliamentary elections due next year it is preparing to do the same again.... >>> Full report


Region:

No fresh EU support for Botswana's AIDS efforts

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] The HIV-AIDS pandemic was one of the main topics at the EU-ACP ministerial council meeting on May 6 and 7 in Gaborone, but non-governmental organisations present there were disappointed by the lack of new pledges of assistance.

Botswana has nearly the highest infection rate in the world and was praised for providing examples of "best practice" in combating the disease, but the epidemic has not yet started to trend down in this country. ...

Integrating orphans...

Roche's offer... >>> Full report


Region:

EU enlargement and trade are top ACP concerns

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] Ministers from the ACP (African, Caribbean and Pacific) states voiced their concern about the possible impact of the European Union's enlargement at their first council meeting with colleagues from the 25 EU member states, last week in Gaborone. Similar concerns were dismissed by both sides at an earlier joint parliament session in Addis Ababa (SouthScan v19/04).

The ACP countries are not convinced by an EU study (which was not released to the press) which claims that the enlargement will be positive for them. They will therefore undertake their own impact study on the consequences for each individual ACP country, the organisation's spokesman Hegel Goutier said at a press briefing....

Aid reform...

EPA agreements...>>> Full report


Zambia:

IMF gives thumbs up just as oil prices rises hit

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] Aid could start flowing back to Zambia by next month after favourable recommendations by an International Monetary Fund team who recently visited the country. The decision, resulting in the main from enforced cuts in public spending, and which could result in drawings from the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), will be just in time for fresh pressure on the economy from increased oil prices.

Zambia has not been receiving budget support and aid from the IMF and other Western donors for over 15 months and this week is raised the price of petroleum products by more than 4 percent. ...

Year-long import...>>> Full report


Angola:

Military blames Church for Cabindan 'banditry'

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] Relations are deteriorating in Cabinda between the Roman Catholic Church and the Angolan military with the army accusing it of being behind the "banditry" there and Church leaders claiming persecution.

In a recent communiqué the Berlin-based coordinator of the 'Angolan Anti-militarist Initiative for Human Rights' (IAADH), Emanuel Matondo, claims that war crimes are being committed there by the Luanda regime and that the local population is "terrorised" by the Angolan army, and he expresses concern about the absence of foreign humanitarian organisations in the territory. There are about a dozen local NGOs....

Civil organisation formed...>>> Full report


Angola:

Falcone issue rumbles on

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] Pierre Falcone, President José Dos Santos' partner in the arms for oil scandal known as 'Angolagate', is in trouble. He was detained on May 6 in London and interrogated before being released, the Portuguese daily Público reported; a French judge had issued an international arrest warrant in January....>>> Full report


Congo:

Dos Santos 'orders halt to expulsions' of diggers

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] Angola's President Jose Eduardo dos Santos has ordered a halt to the forced expulsion of thousands of Congolese diamond diggers, according to press reports. The announcement, after a meeting with the DRC's foreign minister in Washington, came after Angolan troops had entered the Congo as part of their expulsion drive.

Tens of thousands of Congolese diamond diggers have been expelled from Angola since the beginning of the year, leading to protests from the Congolese side. ...

Rwanda border tension...>>> Full report


Congo:

Governor jobs hand-out exacerbates tension

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] The Katangese representatives in the transitional government are concerned about the dividing up of the provincial governorships spelled out in an unofficial leak to the Kinshasa media this week.

· The Joseph Kabila side would retain Kinshasa, Lower Congo and Western Kasai...

Organising the election...>>> Full report


Mozambique:

Police arrested after Cardoso's murderer escapes

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] Three Mozambican police officers have been arrested in connection with the escape last Sunday (May 9) of the convicted murderer of investigative journalist Carlos Cardoso from a maximum security jail.

Anibal Antonio dos Santos, better known as Anibalzinho, was serving a 28-year prison sentence for the 2000 murder of Cardoso, an investigative journalist who was reporting on Mozambique's biggest bank fraud (SouthScan v18/09 et seq.).... >>> Full report


International:

Deeper Haitian engagement as Aristide gets asylum

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] South Africa's decision this week to give political asylum to Haiti's former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide is an indication that it is not prepared to let lie the issue of his replacement.

"We are committed to building international consensus against unilateral regime changes", the government said, in an open swipe at US policy.... >>> Full report


SA politics:

Delivery starts now, not then, says government

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] In special parliamentary addresses last week both former South African president Nelson Mandela and his predecessor, FW de Klerk, stressed the need to move rapidly towards a more equitable society, prefiguring what will be a drive by government on all fronts to widen the spread of wealth.

And in an official response to the UN Development Programme's Human Development Report that again cites SA's massively inequitable society, the government said it had in its first two terms focused on making institutional changes, but that it would deliver now....

Indian surprise...

No divisions...

Response to UNDP...

Contradictory finding... >>> Full report


SA politics:

New Nepad appointment

SouthScan v19/10 14 May 04] The new SA cabinet this week approved the appointment of trade unionist Cunningham Ngcukana as deputy director-general in the presidency working in the New Partnership for African Development (Nepad) secretariat. He was in the '80s and '90s and official and later general secretary of the 'Africanist' National Council of Trade Unions (Nactu).... >>> Full report