Policy issues from South Africa and its neighbours. Reports every two weeks.

v19/19 17 Sept 04

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CONTENTS

Congo:

UN reinforcement debate reveals EU's contradictions

Military offensive drives out Kivu rebels

More international 'stimulation' for weak rulers likely

 

Region:

Burundi referendum may increase tensions

SA takes a hand in Museveni's hand-over of power

 

Angola:

Chinese mega loan released

2006 election to go ahead

 

Zimbabwe:

MDC keeps options open for election

Demonstrators target SA, African parliament

 

SA economy:

White collar strike signals Cosatu and ANC tensions


Congo:

UN reinforcement debate reveals EU's contradictions

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] The European Union has come out in favour of a much larger UN monitoring force for the Congo, but it unwilling to supply the troops needed.

On Monday the EU Council of Ministers examined UN Secretary General Kofi Annan's report calling for the number of UN troops in the Congo to be boosted from some 10,800 to over 23,000.

...

Isolated by language...

Training the trainers...

Police upgrading... >>>Full report


Congo:

Military offensive drives out Kivu rebels

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] In a rapid escalation of military activity after a period of seeming paralysis, the Kinshasa government's national army has driven rebels out of the Minova area, pushing the forces of Tutsi general Laurent Nkunda into the Goma and Masisi areas of North Kivu. The report on Thursday, from an army spokesman, was confirmed by independent sources in Bukavu.

The truce negotiated by Monuc between the loyalist forces led by the Congolese army commander of the 10th military region, Gen. Felix Mbuza Mabe, and Nkunda's rebel soldiers came to an end on September 10 when Mbuza Mabe launched his offensive against Nkunda's 4,000 dissident troops headquartered in the Minova area, to the north of the province capital, Bukavu....

Military discipline ... >>>Full report


Congo:

More international 'stimulation' for weak rulers likely

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] One of the consequences of the crisis stemming from the temporary suspension of the Congolese Rally for Democracy from government activities in Kinshasa at the end of last month may be that international involvement in the DR Congo will increase, Aldo Ajello, EU special envoy in the Great Lakes region, told SouthScan in an interview this week.

From now on there are to be regular meetings between the International Committee of Support to the Transition, coordinated by the UN Secretary General's representative William Swing, as well as by the DRC's president and vice-presidents of on the other....

Criminal Court case...

War contracts commission... >>>Full report


Region:

Burundi referendum may increase tensions

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] Burundi President Domitien Ndayizeye's decree convening a referendum on the constitution for October 20 may spark new tensions between the two communities, say analysts.

Ndayizeye's decision is an attempt to resolve the deadlock between the Hutu parties (G7) and the Tutsi parties (G10) on the issue. This is paralysing the entire transition process that is due to end on November 1 with the handover to an elected government....

Confrontation feared... >>>Full report


Region:

SA takes a hand in Museveni's hand-over of power

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] The recent visit to Uganda by former South African president FW De Klerk to discuss the political scene signals an active South African role in ensuring the smooth hand-over of power in 2006 and the end of President Yoweri Museveni's rule.

De Klerk, accompanied by the former British minister for international development, Clare Short, held private talks with Museveni last month and one of the issues raised was the manner of his going after his current term, as the constitution requires. Museveni is constitutionally barred from standing for another term once this one ends in 2006 but he has kept quiet about this, despite growing local and international anxiety....

Hosting Besigye... >>>Full report


Angola:

Chinese mega loan released

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] China's Eximbank should release the first installment of a US$2 billion loan by the end of the year, according to the Angolan finance ministry. This follows a general agreement signed last March in China.

The news came as Angola's oil production for the first time broke the one million barrels a day barrier after a new offshore field came online. China is on the search worldwide for resources to fuel is economic growth....

Oil ministry meeting... >>>Full report


Angola:

2006 election to go ahead

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] The government is going ahead with its plan to hold elections in 2006, the country's first ballot since 1992, despite opposition party calls for the vote to be held next year.

A cabinet meeting this week hosted by President Jose Eduardo dos Santos agreed on administrative measures to prepare for the general and presidential elections. >>>Full report


Zimbabwe:

MDC keeps options open for election

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] The opposition Movement for Democratic Change is to continue with its election preparations so as not to be wrong-footed ahead of the poll next March. Earlier the MDC had said it would suspend its participation because of its undemocratic nature of the election, but party leader Morgan Tsvangirai varied this in an address to over15,000 supporters at rallies in Harare and Bulawayo on September 11 to mark the opposition 's fifth anniversary.

Instead the pressure would be on SADC, the Southern African Development Community, which had set out the parameters for fair elections in the region (SouthScan v19/17), to prove "it has teeth" by pushing President Robert Mugabe into introducing genuine reforms "early enough for us to have our elections in March" 2005....

Fake MDC candidates?... >>>Full report


Zimbabwe:

Demonstrators target SA, African parliament

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] Police pulled a security cordon around the Pan African Parliament (PAP) opening ceremony in Midrand on Thursday when protesters arrived to press for democratic reform in Zimbabwe.

About 300 protesters gathered outside the hall at Gallagher Estate where delegates and guests attended the opening ceremony.... >>>Full report


SA economy:

White collar strike signals Cosatu and ANC tensions

[© SouthScan v19/19 17 Sept 04] More than 700,000 public service workers were on strike on Thursday, making this the biggest strike in South Africa's history, the SA Democratic Teachers Union (Sadtu) claimed. Around half of them were teachers.

In response to the mass demonstrations and amid calls for a nationwide stayaway next week government and unions agreed to an urgent meeting on Friday, as we went to press. The Public Service Co-ordinating Bargaining Council said the meeting was intended to urge parties to resolve the current pay dispute. The union is refusing a two-year freeze on real wages for 2005 and 2006 but the size and extent of the demonstrations indicate an impatience with the government's policy thaqt may go beyond pay issues.

Turning point?...

White workers...

Economic growth...

Differentials analysed... >>>Full report