Policy issues from South Africa and its neighbours. Reports every two weeks.

v19/24 26 Nov04

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Congo:
New tensions as Rwanda sends troops over border

Brussels and Pretoria to train a 'mini-army'

SA development:
Mbeki's Africa forays demand rethink on military policy


SA politics:
Arms deal again questioned


Zimbabwe:
Woman slated for president - but at cost of more division


Zambia:
Bid to quell resistance to constitutional manoeuvres


International:
US piles on pressure for rejection of ICC

SA development:
HIV threatens elections base says Idasa report

International:
Threat to low-cost ARVs


Congo:
New tensions as Rwanda sends troops over border
[© SouthScan v19/24 26 Nov 04] The conference on peace and security in the Great Lakes that took place on November 19 and 20 in Dar es Salaam failed singularly to defuse tensions in the region.
On November 17 the Rwandan government reported that several Katyusha-type rockets were fired from DR Congo territory into the village of Rwerere in Gisenyi province inside Rwandan territory, injuring three people. ...

Francophone summit...

SA response... >>Full report


 

Congo:
Brussels and Pretoria to train a 'mini-army'
[© SouthScan v19/24 26 Nov 04] South Africa and Belgium have agreed to join efforts to train in collaboration with Angola several brigades of the future Congolese integrated army before the June 2005 deadline set for the elections. But even assuming that this programme is completed, at best only 5-8 percent of the DR Congo's estimated 300,000 fighters will be part of this army.

Working together...

Soldiers' pay...

Undeclared trusteeship...>>Full report


 

SA development:
Mbeki's Africa forays demand rethink on military policy
[© SouthScan v19/24 26 Nov 04] SA President Thabo Mbeki's forays into the rest of Africa on mediation ventures - most recently to Cote d'Ivoire - are increasing pressure on SA's own military to supply the peace forces demanded. The most recent promise from Pretoria is that it will send around 200 troops for service in the Darfur region of Sudan, but military analysts say the Defence Force is inadequate to the need.
The SA National Defence Force is between a rock and a hard place - it needs to rapidly expand its current personnel, but at the same time is constrained by a limited budget caused largely be earlier massive capital expenditures.
In a recent submission to parliament Witwatersrand University academic Garth Shelton argued that SA must "urgently participate in peace keeping operations (one or two officers at each UN mission to observe and learn) while advancing active peacekeeping and related deployments on the African continent"....

Recruitment...>>Full report


 

SA politics:
Arms deal again questioned
[© SouthScan v19/24 26 Nov 04] As peacekeeping needs become clearer SA's arms procurement programme is coming under increasing criticism from inside the military establishment, and outside - most recently this week from former Archbishop Desmond Tutu....
>>Full report


 

Zimbabwe:
Woman slated for president - but at cost of more division
[© SouthScan v19/24 26 Nov 04] In allowing the nomination of a woman, Joyce Mujuru, to the post of second vice president after Joseph Msika, President Robert Mugabe is opting for short term security, analysts believe, but at the cost of further dividing his party.
The nomination came only after he had backed the party women's push for the vice presidency and after the Zanu-PF constitution had been hastily amended to direct that one of the vice presidents be a woman. Zanu-PF's 10 provincial executives were directed to nominate a woman for the vice presidency....

Divided party...

'Money for votes'...

Rival groups...

Mnangagwa's group...

General Mujuru's group...>>Full report


 

Zambia:
Bid to quell resistance to constitutional manoeuvres
[© SouthScan v19/24 26 Nov 04] The Zambian government is clamping down on non-governmental organizations objecting to its approach to a new state constitution. The civic bodies have vowed to fight back.
Recently appointed Vice President Lupando Mwape directed police to arrest NGO officials operating in his constituency without his blessing. Shortly after that, on November 11, the Southern Africa Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (SACCORD) found itself in deep water for differing with government over the constitution and was deregistered for what government said was involvement in activities that threatened the security of the nation. ...

Ready after the election...>>Full report


 

International:
US piles on pressure for rejection of ICC
[© SouthScan v19/24 26 Nov 04] A number of African states want the European Union to provide compensation for lost US aid if they resist pressure from Washington to reject the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.
US pressures on the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) states to make them sign bilateral immunity agreements were debated during the last session of the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly on Wednesday (November 24) in The Hague. But the EU has refused to provide the guarantees sought by a number of small states....

Compensation issue ...>>Full report


 

SA development:
HIV threatens elections base says Idasa report
[© SouthScan v19/24 26 Nov 04] HIV and AIDS are eroding the South African electoral base and threatening the credibility of elections in the region, according to a new report by Idasa, the Institute for Democracy in SA.
But the government has responded by saying it is using worst case scenarios to with the most negative assumptions "to heighten a sense of crisis"....

'200 percent increase'...

Demographic realities......

Company reaction...

Treatment increases...>>Full report


International:
Threat to low-cost ARVs
[© SouthScan v19/24 26 Nov 04] Another Indian company manufacturing generic anti-retrovirals has withdrawn from the World Health Organisation's list of approved drugs. The move means that economists in AIDS-hit African countries may have to re-source their projected drug deliveries or recalculate the cost of supplying ARVs to their populations.
On November 19 the WHO announced that the Hyderabad-based pharmaceutical Hetero Drugs had voluntarily withdrawn all six of its generic antiretroviral (ARV) drugs from the world body's list of approved drugs following concerns about their laboratory tests....

Health workers crisis...>>Full report