Policy issues from South Africa and its neighbours. Reports every two weeks.

v20/14 15 July 05

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CONTENTS

SA politics:

Sense of crisis grows in ANC as 'Oilgate' follows Zuma affair

Ministers implicated in Oilgate



Region:

Poverty, drugs and money laundering linked to terror threat

Ten million in need of food aid, agencies warn

Bid to disrupt Burundi vote fails

Congo:

Optimism ahead of UN's largest election operation

Angola:

Opposition concerned about election schedule

Zimbabwe:

Confident Mugabe rejects African pleas

Swaziland:

King baulks at new constitution

Zambia:

Mwanawasa keeps control of MMD


SA politics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sense of crisis grows in ANC as 'Oilgate' follows Zuma affair

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05] The African National Congress is facing a major internal crisis after fresh 'Oilgate' revelations this week. Already the party, still trying to heal the divide created by the sacking of former deputy president Jacob Zuma, has been accused of receiving R11 million in public funds, with relatives of two cabinet ministers also getting handouts.

Now a leaked document has revealed that the source of the funds was oil from Saddam Hussein's Iraq, in a deal struck there in 2001, and appears to finger the ostensibly private company making the donations as an ANC front. It has also placed question marks over SA's diplomatic backing for Iraq and the massive R4bn contract its power company Eskom was in line to win before the US-led invasion in 2003 (SouthScan v17/21). ...

Party funding ...

Iraq connection ... >>> Full report

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SA politics:

Ministers implicated in Oilgate

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05]  Relatives of two cabinet ministers received payments from Imvume, a company linked to the African National Congress, just hours after Imvume was advanced R15m by the state's primary liquid fuels manager, PetroSA, in December 2003.

According to reports in SA, PetroSA paid Imvume, supposedly a trading company run by Sandi Majali, "economic adviser" to ANC secretary-general Kgalema Motlanthe, R15m on December 18, 2003 in a commercial deal. ... >>> Full report

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Region:

Poverty, drugs and money laundering linked to terror threat

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05] News that one of the London bombers had a family connection to South Africa may have brought a chill to the security services there last week. South Africa in May finally enacted an anti-terrorism law (SouthScan v20/08), but in official circles the view remains that the US-led 'war on terrorism' is not relevant to the region's real needs, and that the main threats to stability come from poverty.

Yet a report out this week cites SA's increasing importance in the international drugs trade, allied to money laundering, as factors ensuring vulnerability to terror groups. While SA has a developed financial control system, the other countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region do not have adequate financial or institutional resources to deal with the threat. ...

Sharing intelligence ...

Somalia warning ... >>> Full report

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Region:

Ten million in need of food aid, agencies warn

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05] More than 10 million people will need humanitarian assistance in six countries across Southern Africa in the coming year, two UN agencies and the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) have warned.

The agencies issued an urgent appeal for US$266 million in food aid.

Poor output has been blamed on erratic weather and late, often unaffordable inputs, such as fertilisers and seeds. Countries affected are Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, and Zambia, according to the UN agency IRIN. ... >>> Full report

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Region:

Bid to disrupt Burundi vote fails

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05] As expected, the ex-rebels of the Hutu-led 'National Council for the Defence of Democracy - Defence Forces of Democracy', known under their French acronym CNDD-FDD, won a overwhelming victory at the national assembly elections which took place on July 4 (SouthScan v20/13).

The CNDD-FDD received 58.23% of the vote, improving slightly its result (57.3%) at the June 3 local elections, ahead of the Hutu-led Burundian Democratic Front, Frodebu (23.33%) and of the Tutsi-led Union for National Progress, Uprona, which scored 7.3%. ...

Presidential post ... >>> Full report

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Congo:

Optimism ahead of UN's largest election operation

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05] Donors this week promised an additional US$100 million to finance the forthcoming poll in the DR Congo, set to be the UN's largest electoral operation. The pledges were made at a July 11 conference organised in Brussels by European Development Commissioner Louis Michel and the head of the UN Mission in the Congo (MONUC), William Swing.

But the amount, which comes on top of earlier pledges of about $166m, is still not sufficient. Before the meeting the gap was $256m and the total cost is estimated at $422m. ...

Electoral law ...

Army offensive ... >>> Full report

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Angola:

Opposition concerns grow about election schedule

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05] Three years after the peace agreement, Angola is in theory preparing itself for legislature and presidential elections to take place as scheduled in September next year. But the opposition is concerned that these may not take place as planned. On July 2, demonstrations organised by opposition parties and civil society organizations supporting the 'Campaign for a Democratic Angola' took place in the Huila, Luanda and Namibe provinces to demand the government hold the elections as scheduled. But a demonstration that was supposed to take place in Cabinda was prohibited by the authorities.

Those meetings that could take place also called for more transparency in the management of public funds, for an end to the war in Cabinda and for the improvement of conditions in health and education. ...

'Galactic' gala ... >>> Full report

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Zimbabwe:

Confident Mugabe rejects African pleas

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05] Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe is responding to criticism of his mass demolitions of informal settlements with his usual defiance. First his ruling party rejected an opposition bid in parliament this week to stop the campaign, and then he rejected overtures by other African leaders to open talks with the Movement for Democratic Change.

His high commissioner in South Africa said international criticism of the demolitions campaign was aimed at discouraging other regional leaders from following Zimbabwe's line in land reform. ...

Failed strikes ... >>> Full report

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Swaziland:

King baulks at new constitution

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05] King Mswati earlier this week refused to sign the country's new constitution into law and ordered parliament on Tuesday to hold a joint session to reconsider sections on religion and taxing his family.

The delay is increasing concerns that instability in Swaziland could threaten the rest of the region. ...

Too slow change? ... >>> Full report

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Zambia:

Mwanawasa keeps control of MMD

[(c) SouthScan v20/14 15 July 05] After a lengthy period of expelling, suspending and frustrating challengers and perceived "enemies" ahead of the ruling party's national convention in Kabwe this week, President Levy Mwanawasa, as predicted, won the Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD) presidency. But the ruling party is now more deeply divided than before and rights groups are warning darkly that they see in Mwanawasa the rise of a new Robert Mugabe.

Even though Mwanawasa's remaining challengers did not really have enough muscle to give him a good run, that was no guarantee of being spared physical harassment by the presidents' supporters. One would-be challenger was forced to back out after being beaten and blocked by cadres as he attempted to file his nomination papers. "The violence that took place on Wednesday night must be condemned in the strongest terms. MMD is not a violent party and we hope that was an isolated incident," outgoing MMD national secretary Vernon Mwaanga told reporters. ... >>> Full report

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